An overview of multi-ingredient kidney stone dissolving formulations from Traditional Persian Pharmacy

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Department of phytopharmaceuticals (Traditional Pharmacy), School of Pharmacy, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran. Essence of Parsiyan Wisdom Institute, Traditional Medicine and Medicinal Plant Incubator, Shiraz University of Medica

2 Medicinal Plants Processing Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

3 Department of Clinical Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

4 Department of Persian Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

5 Department of Pharmacognosy, School of Pharmacy, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

Abstract

Kidney stone as a third important disease of the urinary tract is a common disease affecting 10-15% of the world population. Effective medical treatment for the disease is not yet well established. On the other hand, there is an increasing global demand to manage and control various diseases with natural medi‌cine and medicaments originating from Complementary and Alternative Medicine. Traditional Persian Medicine (TPM) is one of the most popular schools in the field of complementary and alternative medicine. There are numerous natural and clinical interventions for kidney stones, reported in TPM medical and pharmaceutical manuscripts. This review provides various related compound formulations for kidney stones from the standpoints of Persian scholars. These remedies have been cited in a series of traditional pharmaceutical manuscripts of Persian medicine, namely Qarābādin or prescription. With a view to the positive pharmacological or biological activities of the constituents of filtered formulations, many of those can be re-formulated and either experimentally or clinically evaluated to be introduced as new natural remedies in this field.

Keywords